Ramus M1 (Module Number 01)
L200cm x W80cm x H76cm
“Ramus”, which means “tree branch” in Latin, originated from an idea that was first introduced in D Light at the Salone Satellite in 2011.
The Ramus M1 is an architectural sculpture piece which combines the strengths of carbon fibre together with the structural advantages that can be found in the branch of a tree, maximising its structural strength capacity.
Ramus M1 is the latest development and creation in the designer’s long-term study of efficient forms found in nature and his passion to design works with an architectural concept and through a “natural” method that maximises the material’s potential.
Ramus M1 is made of carbon fibre, which is also used in fighter jets, F1 cars and space shuttles.
Precision-engineered aircraft grade aluminium alloy and stainless steel components were also utilised.
Ramus M1 has been developed as a part of a modular system with future expansion and modification of the design in mind.
The Ramus M1 project was an international collaboration. For over two years, the designer collaborated with an Italian mathematics/software company, TSI s.r.l., to calculate optimum overall geometry, a UK manufacturing company, Penta Patterns (which is also involved in manufacturing F1 cars), to create a master pattern by using advanced CNC technology, and a South Korean composite material specialist, Inno Comtech, for carbon fibre.
The project was also supported by South Korea’s KIDP/Ministry of Culture’s Next Generation Design Leader program.
“My design creations can be described as the products of architectural and design investigations. In the majority of cases, these experiments do not turn out as initially planned. However, no experiment is wasted as even unexpected results broaden my perspective and enrich my design processes.”
IL HOON ROH – by Jean-Jacques Wattel
IL HOON ROH is a forerunner of a new generation of designers. Having received his architecture degree in London, he integrates the fundamentals of the Arts & Crafts movement into his work. Largely self-developed, he brings together his vast knowledge of architecture and design, both organic and architectural. He takes this knowledge and goes further by using the most innovative materials with precise and scientific methodology, exploring their technical and aesthetic limits. His imagination, constantly in search of pure and aerial forms, leans on the natural laws of physics, energy and gravity to create harmonious forms with remarkable accuracy.
The explosiveness of his approach essentially consists of composing or decomposing the material, using innovative and imaginative techniques together with the most advanced technology and materials, which are sometimes custom-made for his projects. The final outcome is high-end craftsmanship, intertwining artisanal traditions with industrial products at the highest level.
Born in South Korea, in 1978, IL HOON ROH settled in London in 1991. There he studied architecture, receiving a diploma from the Architectural Association School of Architecture and a Masters in Design Products from the Royal College of Art. He then joined Foster and Partners as an architect and later became a part of the Royal Institute of British Architects. In 2010, he decided to express his artistic desires by creating functional sculptures and established his own studio in London in order to further develop his research. Then, in 2013, he moved his studio to the heart of Seoul, within an industrial zone, where a plethora of workshops are at his disposition.
An Imagination Guided by the Laws of Nature
To express his vision, Il Hoon has chosen matters that are found in nature, especially experimenting with those matters that are closely linked to structure. His architectural compositions are not mere representations of nature, but instead research experiments into the laws or constraints thereof – both audacious and harmonious – that incorporate its evolution. Il Hoon uses the laws of nature such as gravity, energy and other physical forces to guide the evolution of his drawings and his works – in the same way these laws guide the evolution of the plant world. His works therefore become a spatial exploration, guided by a desire for the optimal conquest of the third dimension, and by the structure of the object itself, functioning as a being that craves to express itself within a unitary vision that integrates both balance and harmony.
For the initial stages of research, Il Hoon leans on preliminary sketches. His first steps are driven by the execution of models, which allows rapid demonstration of his spatial research. Il Hoon’s preferred method is to construct a transparent or open structure, which is then perforated by thousands of holes. These will become the traction points, subtly applied to the elements, which make up the internal structure, which could be strings, fine cords, or jersey -held together by number of infinitesimal articulations. In this way, his creation can, like a multi-cellular being, develop in the same way as the incubation process in a laboratory, which together with the progressive touches and impulses, contribute to a light and balanced development in space.
His approach consists of permanent research, a game of strength and lightness that takes place throughout the series of uninterrupted experimentations.
The supreme realisation of a craft that brought an industry into its service
Il Hoon spent 23 years spent in London, passing up opportunities that were being offered to him by multiple studios, and accepting only for a time to collaborate with Norman Foster, an experience which greatly enriched his knowledge of contemporary construction and drawing techniques.
But his soul and his Asian culture predisposed him to have another vision. He remembered the art of his ancestors, vases made of knotted paper, “Korean paper vases,” during the era when Korea exported paper, or the beauty found in the subtle curves of roofs and stone walls, and delicate Korean ceramic works.
It is this sophisticated craft, this improbable construction game, which he explores, utilising the most innovative techniques and materials. Therefore, while conducting his empirical investigations on the basis of natural laws, he progressively entered into supernatural and unexpected realms. In order to bring his models to life, Il Hoon Roh believes there is nothing too complicated, too subtle, too hypothetical, too expensive, too long, or too infinite – there is nothing that can stand in his way.
In order to create such a delicate, fluid, and impalpable suspension, he chose to utilise fibre optic cable strands just 1/2 mm thick. The main use of fibre optics is to keep the light inside but Il Hoon Roh wanted to let it escape. For that reason, as one is instructed not to curve the fibre in order to prevent the light from escaping, he deliberately forced the material to generate this escaping effect. He braided a number of fibre optic cable strands together, tying them closer and closer together, in order to create splits that allow the light to break through whilst at the same time not disrupting the harmony of the hand crafted cords.
To facilitate the amplification of the light, he chose to combine different methods.
The first was to ask Samsung to put at his disposal some extremely powerful, not to mention economical, components, whose purpose is normally to illuminate bridges or buildings, but in this case serve to considerably intensify the luminosity of the fibre strings.
The second was to amplify the escaping light with pearls of glass. However, as glass is too heavy and weighs down the strands, Il Hoon Roh used PMA pearls, which he polished until they shine like glass. He also contacted Altair, an engineering company, to help him calculate thermodynamics and run the structural analysis necessary for the design, a technology that’s usually used for fighter jets and F1 racing cars.
For the polished steel structure, he drew and calculated, one by one, all the components that he required. He then had the components created by industrial enterprises after which he himself assembled and did the final polishing and adjustments. The interior of the structure made out of aluminium shelters a multitude of the most recent Samsung components, tightening elements and elements to distribute and redistribute the light. The structure is mounted with a large shield, harmoniously structured and honeycombed, created out of an ultra-light and resistant resin that is usually used in aeronautics. The ultimate purpose of this is a reflector as well as creating a sort of a theatrical curtain, centered with a polished steel dagger, bringing together both efficiency and poetry.
Carbon fiber, coated in resin, is a light and resistant material, which must be refrigerated, used, and manipulated at an optimum temperature of 23 °C. It needs to be heat treated in order to acquire its ultimate characteristics of solidity and resistance, coupled with incredible lightness. Carbon fiber is presented as two large sheaths appearing as rolls of fabric which Il Hoon cuts into bands, folds in two, then twists in order to obtain filaments that he braids to create a structure that resembles a honeycomb. This braiding is executed to create a perfect tension at the heart of the structure, and designed like industrially precise steel webs, at the heart of which he will link the filaments with virtuosity and craftsmanship.
Subsequently, after having thus created the stool, the bench and the Rami table, the challenge becomes more audacious. Il Hoon decides to create the Nodus screen, in which he integrates the double challenge of tying together carbon fibers with fiber optics, following his own interpretation, utilising filaments he himself has hand crafted.
In terms of his bronze or cast aluminum designs, he hangs differing textiles in large cages, cuts them and articulates them. When, after a series of experiments he finally creates a structure that satisfies him – one that has perfect natural energy. As he holds in his hands his model, the long process for the realisation of the object commences.
Here, we assist the setup of an avant-garde language, with remarkable efficiency. Il Hoon Roh’s creations express themselves through functional propositions and simple sculptures which masks considerable set-up.
Another of his character traits is in his extreme questioning: “Say it is not me that materialises and realises, step by step, the drawing that I have developed after thousands of experiments. If I leave this care to someone else at one third of the construction, whom should we consider the artist?” To leave no doubt concerning this point, Il Hoon Roh works day and night expressing proudly all those infinite hours spent in teaching him thousands of things and it is this spiral of knowledge that further amplifies his creativity.
IL HOON ROH is a Sponsored Artist of Altair
IL HOON ROH
AAdipl, MA(RCA), ARB
South Korea +82 (0)10 8933 4195
Seoul +82 (0)10 3843 2558